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HomeDubai TravelWhat Do ECR and Non-ECR in an Indian Passport Imply?

What Do ECR and Non-ECR in an Indian Passport Imply?

Are you confused between an ECR and an ECNR passport? Learn the complete thread to study extra! Everytime you wish to journey in a foreign country, the very first thing that involves thoughts is a passport. It’s a doc issued by the federal government with the intention to certify the identification and nationality of the holder. Additionally, passports are issued relying on age, academic {qualifications}, and lots of different components. It’s a essential journey doc and it’s much more necessary to know in regards to the two classes of Indian passport.

The first page of an Indian passport
Picture Credit: Google Photographs

There are two classes of Indian passport as per the Indian Emigration Act 1983. To study extra in regards to the sorts and varied paperwork required to use, hold studying.

  1. ECR
  2. Non-ECR

1. ECR

ECR stands for Emigration Clearance Required. If the applicant hasn’t handed their tenth grade or doesn’t have certificates for a similar, they need to bear emigration verify. It’s launched with the intention to present freedom of labor for individuals who wish to work in different nations like Iran, UAE, Indonesia and so forth. It’s mentioned that the Indian residents who’re having low academic {qualifications} are subjected to home violence in international nations. So, the Authorities of India has launched very strict norms to safeguard Indians dwelling overseas and assist them overcome such conditions.

Who can apply for ECR passport?

If the passport applicant has not accomplished his tenth grade or has accomplished however doesn’t have all the required paperwork for SSC and youngsters underneath the 15 years of age get ECR passport by default. And, Indians who’re travelling to any international nation on a visa aside from job or employment visa may also apply underneath the ECR class by opting the ECR possibility whereas filling out the Passport on-line utility type.

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Nations which require clearance

There’s a record of 17 nations that want emigration clearance from the Protector of Emigrants (POE), Ministry of Abroad Indian Affairs. The nations are Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Indonesia, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Jordan, Libya, Lebanon, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Yemen. In case you are an ECR passport holder and touring to any of the above-mentioned nations on an employment visa, it is advisable clear emigration emigrate to that nation. For every other visa kind, you needn’t bear the Emigration Clearance. You possibly can simply present your legitimate ECR passport, the tickets, and a sound visa on the immigration counter and get entry on the airport.

A group of people waiting for immigration check
Picture Credit: Google Photographs

Paperwork to be submitted within the Passport Workplace

The obligatory paperwork that it is advisable submit embody legitimate handle proofs, annexures (if required) and any emergency proofs (if required). The above-mentioned paperwork are should whereas making use of for ECR passport to be sure you adhere to the Indian authorities insurance policies and tips. Instructional qualification certificates will not be obligatory for getting ECR Passport. Nevertheless, you possibly can have it as a further doc.

2. Non-ECR (ECNR)

Non-ECR stands for Emigration Clearance Not Required (ECNR). That is for people who find themselves educationally certified and wish to journey for any enterprise or journey functions. ECNR passport holders can journey wherever on the planet with out the necessity for emigration. Indian residents who’ve handed their tenth grade can get the ECNR and there will likely be no must clear emigration on the counter. Even when you have accomplished your SSLC and nonetheless do not need certificates, you’ll fall underneath the ECR class.

Who can apply for ECNR/Non-ECR Passport

Passport candidates who’re having the obligatory academic qualification certificates of the secondary faculty are eligible to get ECNR Passport by default. In case the applicant significantly doesn’t want ECNR, they will go for different choices whereas making use of for passport on-line.


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ECR vs Non-ECR Passport : Main Variations

  • ECR (Emigration Test Required) Passport: For sure nations, clearance from the Protector of Emigrants is required.
  • Non-ECR Passport: No emigration clearance required.

Emigration Clearance:

  • ECR Passport holders should receive clearance earlier than touring to particular nations.
  • Non-ECR passport holders can journey with out acquiring emigration clearance.


  • ECR standing is usually assigned based mostly on academic {qualifications} and job classes.
  • Non-ECR standing is mostly granted to people who meet particular standards, exempting them from emigration checks.


  • ECR Passport holders could also be required to offer extra documentation for emigration clearance.
  • Non-ECR Passport holders have fewer documentation necessities.


  • ECR is primarily supposed to guard Indian staff touring to nations with labor-related points.
  • Non-ECR is for folks touring to nations the place emigration checks should not required.

Nations Affected:

  • In keeping with the Indian authorities, ECR is barely relevant to sure nations.
  • Non-ECR applies to nations that don’t fall underneath the ECR class.

Situations for making use of underneath ECNR class

Under are the classes that come underneath ECNR/ Non-ECR by default:

  • Indians whose schooling qualification is above tenth grade and have all the required paperwork
  • People of fifty years of age and above
  • Individuals who maintain a Diploma in Polytechnic from any acknowledged institute
  • People who’ve spent three years abroad
  • Individuals who maintain a Diploma in Nursing underneath the Indian Nursing Council Act-1947
  • Gazetted Authorities officers, their spouses and youngsters
  • Individuals who maintain visas for everlasting immigration/resident visas for the US, the UK, and Australia
  • Official and Diplomatic passport holders
  • Earnings taxpayers (together with agricultural revenue taxpayers), their spouses and youngsters (underneath 18 years)
A picture of Diplomatic Indian passport
Picture Credit: Google Photographs

Which nations settle for ECNR Passport?

Not each nation will demand an emigration certificates. Nearly all of the nations will permit ECNR passport holders with none emigration clearance. Furthermore, people visiting on all different visa sorts (together with vacationer, job, medical, research, enterprise) are allowed on the immigration counters within the airport.

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Paperwork to be submitted within the Passport workplace

For making use of for ECNR passport, it is advisable submit all obligatory handle proofs with annexures (if required) and likewise any emergency proofs (if required) within the Passport workplace. Instructional qualification certificates can be obligatory if you’re making use of for ECNR Passport.


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Can you exchange your ECR passport into Non-ECR?

Sure, you possibly can convert your ECR passport right into a non-ECR one. Take a look on the under eventualities to knwo extra:

  • In case of any change that has occurred within the lifetime of an individual in connection to their age, schooling, marital standing, and so forth., which makes them certified to alter the class from ECR to non-ECR.
  • There have been circumstances the place the candidates at first utilized for an ECR passport with out consciousness, although they had been eligible to get an ECNR. Due to this, they must bear an emigration verify each time they journey.
  • For the reason that technique of emigration clearance will not be really easy and the certificates issuance is completely depending on the immigration officers, ECR passport holders who’re touring for job alternatives overseas will likely be affected. Nevertheless, to beat such eventualities, the Ministry of Exterior Affairs permits altering an ECR passport to an ECNR passport if the passport holder meets sure necessities.

How do you exchange your ECR passport into ECNR?

In case you are eligible for ECNR class however have ECR passport at the moment, it’s simple so that you can convert it into ECNR. As soon as you might be certain, apply for the deletion of ECR standing. After which, you’ll have to undergo the complete technique of making use of for a contemporary passport. You’ll obtain the revised passport when you meet all the necessities.

Additionally Learn: New Visa Guidelines in 2023


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FAQs on ECR & non-ECR

Q: What’s the predominant distinction between ECR and nonECR passports?
A: ECR passports require emigration clearance for sure nations, whereas nonECR passports don’t necessitate such clearance.

Q: How is the ECR standing decided?
A: ECR standing is usually based mostly on academic {qualifications} and particular job classes.

Q: Do all nations require emigration clearance for ECR passport holders?
A: No, emigration clearance is required just for particular nations as designated by the Indian authorities.

Q: Can I convert my ECR passport to a nonECR passport?
A: The conversion course of depends upon eligibility standards; sure people could also be eligible to transform their ECR standing.

Q: What paperwork are wanted for emigration clearance with an ECR passport?
A: Further paperwork, equivalent to employment contracts, could also be required for emigration clearance with an ECR passport.

Q: Is there an age restrict for ECR standing?
A: ECR standing is usually agedependent; people above a sure age could also be exempt from ECR necessities.

Q: Are there any advantages to having a nonECR passport?
A: NonECR passport holders usually face fewer documentation necessities and may journey to a broader vary of nations with out emigration clearance.

Q: Can I journey to ECR nations with a nonECR passport?
A: Sure, a nonECR passport permits for journey to nations not falling underneath the ECR class with out the necessity for emigration clearance.

Q: How usually does the record of ECR nations get up to date?
A: The record of ECR nations could also be periodically up to date by the Indian authorities; candidates ought to keep knowledgeable in regards to the newest data.

Q: Can I verify the ECR standing of my passport on-line?
A: Sure, the ECR standing of a passport will be checked on-line by the official authorities portal.

I hope you will need to have understood the necessities of the 2 classes of Indian passport and the way the method of utility works. There may be nothing to fret if you’re carrying an ECR passport now and looking for job alternatives overseas. Since you now know the best way to convert it to ECNR. Now that you recognize all of your passport hacks, you might be one step nearer to kickstarting your world journey. Take a look at the very best worldwide tour packages to your dream vacation spot on the web site of Pickyourtrail.

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